American Elm

Other Common/Trade Names: None
Scientific Name: Ulmus americana
Best Characteristics for Identification: Ulmiform arrangement. Single row of large earlywood pores.
Uses: Limited use due to the lack of large trees due to Dutch elm disease.
General Natural Range: Extends from eastern Saskatchewan to the Canadian Maritimes south to Texas and central Florida.
Identical or Nearly Identical Species: None
Other Species Easily Confused With: Common Hackberry
Means of Distinguishing Similar Species : Large earlywood pores in a single row in elm whereas large earlywood pores in hackberry in several rows. Rays tend to be finer in elm and not distinct without a hand lens. Hackberry has multiserrate rays which can be seen without a hand lens.
elm_tan elm_cs