Other Common Names/Trade Names: Common Hackberry
Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis
Best Single Characteristic for Identification: Ulmiform parenchyma arrangement and several rows of large earlywood pores.
Uses: Low grade lumber
General Natural Range: North Dakota south to Oklahoma with isolated populations in Alabama. East to Central New England.
Identical or Nearly Identical Species: None
Other Species Easily Confused With: American elm
Means of Distinguishing Similar Species : Hackberry has multiserrate rays which can easily be seen without a hand lens and has several rows of large earlywood pores. Elm has narrow rays which are difficult to see without a hand lens and has only one row of large earlywood pores.