Other Common Names/Trade Names: Soft pine
Scientific Name: Pinus strobus/ Pinus monticola
Best Characteristics for Identification: Large resin canals, obvious resin pockets on the tangential/radial faces, resinous odor, gradual transition form earlywood to latewood.
Uses: Lumber, flooring, paneling, furniture, cabinets.
General Natural Range: Eastern white pine: Minnesota and the Lake States to Newfoundland. South along the Appalachian Mountains to Georgia. Western white pine: Southern British Columbia to the mountains of southern California. Also found in the mountains of Idaho and Montana.
Identical or Nearly Identical Species: Sugar pine
Other Species Easily Confused With: Red pine, yellow pines.
Means of Distinguishing Similar Species: Red pine and the yellow pines tend to have a more abrupt transition from earlywood to latewood and are typically denser. The resinous odor may be somewhat stronger in the yellow pines and red pine as well. Sugar pine is nearly identical but has somewhat larger resin canals and tracheids.